发表于 2016-11-21 03:47:47
标 题: trump改革真的要开始了 (转载)
标 题: trump改革真的要开始了
“There are 1,212 senior leaders, including the Cabinet secretaries and
their deputies, the
heads of most independent agencies and ambassadors, ”
trump真是要 make American great again!
it is time to server your country
More than 4,000 political appointees, many of whom hold important leadership
and policymaking positions, will be heading out the door next year with the
change in administrations. Finding qualified people to fill these jobs is
an enormous undertaking, but it is critically important to making the
federal government work effectively for the American public.
There are four basic types of appointments:
Presidential Appointments with Senate Confirmation (PAS): There are 1,212
senior leaders, including the Cabinet secretaries and their deputies, the
heads of most independent agencies and ambassadors, who must be confirmed by
the Senate. These positions first require a Senate hearing in addition to
background checks and other vetting.
Presidential Appointments without Senate Confirmation (PA): There are 353 PA
positions which make up much of the White House staff, although they are
also scattered throughout many of the smaller federal agencies.
Non-career Senior Executive Service (NA): Members of the Senior Executive
Service (SES) work in key positions just below the top presidential
appointees, bridging the gap between the political leaders and the civil
service throughout the federal government. Most SES members are career
officials, but up to 10 percent of the SES can be political appointees. (For
more information see the Office of Personnel Management’s website.) There
are 680 non-career members of the SES.
Schedule C Appointments (SC): There are 1,403 Schedule C appointees who
serve in a confidential or policy role. They range from schedulers and
confidential assistants to policy experts.
Source: Plum Book, Government Printing Office, December
Among other things, the chart below shows high numbers of PAS positions in
the State and Justice Departments. That’s due to the hundreds of
ambassadors, U.S. Attorneys, and U.S. Marshals, all of whom require Senate
confirmation. You can also see that nearly a third of the total number of PA
positions are concentrated in the Executive Office of the President.
The scale and breadth of the task of making so many critical appointments is
daunting, and underscores the need for transition teams to get started
early in order to fully staff the leadership of the next administration.